The Ecology of Coexistence and Conflict in Cyprus (Religion

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Maimonides, the Jewish Aristotle, 12th century codifier of the oral law, says that a Jew who denies belief in a personal Messiah "is a heretic, forfeits membership in the community of Judaism, and cuts himself off from all hope of future bliss." "The Orthodox Jews still believe in the coming of a personal Messiah. We also must be respectful of the rights and desires and culture and religion of the majority at home.

Thank You!: Gratitude: Formulas, Stories, and Insights

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Islam, Judaism, and Christianity are of the three most popular religions that rest on the foundation of a single creator belief and are therefore called western religions. I believe with a perfect faith that the creator (whose name be blessed ) is incorporeal, that he has not any corporeal qualities, and that nothing can be compared unto him. Queerness is connected to soul, not genitals. Beitzah (roasted egg) symbolizes mourning, sacrifice, spring, and renewal.

Everyday Holiness: The Jewish Spiritual Path of Mussar

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Initially many native and German-born Jews in America looked down on these newcomers as social inferiors and felt ambivalent toward them. The Christian scriptures are called the B'rit Chadasha (New Covenant Scriptures). Second, I have chosen to focus on sexuality rather than gender, even though queerness is as much about questioning gender as destabilizing norms of sexuality. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion have been translated into many languages including Arabic and regrettably enjoy a wide readership in Arab countries.

The Call of the Torah:An anthology of interpretation and

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The traditional garb of hats and prayer shawls was abandoned, as were “medieval” practices such as ritual chanting. To make a donation for prisoners, click on the "down" arrow above and select Donations for Prisoners. In this environment Yiddish and Hebrew literature of a secular nature prepared the ground for national social movements with distinctly Jewish objectives—such as Zionism and the socialist movement of the Bund. Since, strangely, no reference to sacrifice is made, not a trace appears of the standard pagan conception of the temple as a vehicle of man's providing for the gods.

I Await His Coming Every Day

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Noah was a journalist, politician, playwright, and probably the most prominent Jewish public figure of his day. For their helpers the priests had the regular Levites who gave them proper assistance in teaching the people. In spite of the many pressures put upon Jewish Believers to give up their faith, it seems that Messianic Judaism continued into the seventh century AD. The southern section had different names during the course of history, including Canaan (KAY-nun), Israel and Palestine.

Fashioning Jewish Identity in Medieval Western Christendom

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Today, many of Chazan’s examples of informal Jewish education are offered by youth movements which provide for their participants a wide social and educational framework for their teenage years. In "Guide for the Perplexed" (1:17 & 2:11)" Maimonides explains that Israel lost its Mesorah in exile, and with it "we lost our science and philosophy - only to be rejuvenated in Al Andalus within the context of interaction and intellectual investigation of Jewish, Christian and Muslim texts.

Inviting God In: Celebrating the Soul-Meaning of the Jewish

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A theoretical relationship of the communities with John the Baptist and the nascent Christian groups remains in dispute, however. For more on these distinctions, see Movements of Judaism. It would have been disastrous to Judaism to teach that the traditional laws were really not from Moses and that the commandments of the Pharisees were nothing more than the commandments of men, because THE WHOLE FOUNDATION OF JUDAISM rested on these fallacious laws.

Restoration: Old Testament, Jewish and Christian

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Rarely, does a pregnancy occur as a result of rape. Recently, however, the American Reform and Reconstructionist movements have included those born of Jewish fathers and Gentile mothers, if the children are raised as Jews. Kaplan's idea of God was unique in Judaism, for while all Jews believed that history was an important aspect of the Jewish religion, Kaplan viewed history as the unfolding of God in the world. It is most often the case, but not always, that mediators are persons of means” (84). 25.

Pirke Avot: A Modern Commentary on Jewish Ethics (Modern

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Many talmudic sages sounded weary of such socially motivated converts—as they were of the Egyptian erev rav ("mixed multitude") believed to have joined the Jewish Exodus, or the Gibeonites, whose presence amongst the Jewish people was merely tolerated after they tricked Joshua into making a peace treaty with them. Quite early in his relationship with the Jews, God makes it clear that he will not let them encounter his real likeness in the way that they encounter each other.

Moses Mendelssohn: Writings on Judaism, Christianity, and

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The Temple building was divided into the outer Sanctuary--where priests came to light lamps, offer incense and perform other acts of worship--and the innermost room, the Holy of Holies. Irving Howe and Eliezer Greenberg, Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.) Shuldiner, David P., OF MOSES AND MARX: FOLK IDEOLOGY IN THE JEWISH LABOR MOVEMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, (Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey 1999) Sidorick, Daniel, "The 'Girl Army': The Philadelphia Shirtwaist Strike of 1909-1910," Pennsylvania History, No. 71 (Summer 2004) —————, “Tradition and Change: American Jewish Socialists as Agents of Acculturation,” American Jewish History, vol. 59, no. 1 Autumn 1989) Stein, Leon, ed., OUT OF THE SWEATSHOP: THE STRUGGLE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY (New York: Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co. 1977) -----, THE TRIANGLE FIRE (Philadelphia: (Ithaca, NY: J.